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What Is Theoretical Framework in Dissertation – Basics and Structure

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Dissertation writing is an important part of your degree. From considering its structure, formatting, and word count to keeping track of all the sources to be used, your thesis write-up must accompany all of these crucial components. It is because a student’s upcoming professional career is based on this single takedown. One of the most essential components of this paper is the theoretical framework in dissertation. You can reflect on it like a blueprint which the researcher usually borrows to define their research inquiry.

Considering its importance in your thesis, the researchers need to understand it so that they can incorporate formal theories into their study. The broad guidelines below about writing a theoretical framework in dissertation will assist in maintaining the focus. In this article, we will talk about the basics and the structure that needs to be followed up in crafting it. So, let’s learn about it so that you can analyse the data collected and draw meaningful conclusions from it.

What Is Theoretical Framework In Dissertation?

A theoretical framework in a dissertation is the structure that guides the research, like a roadmap. This way, you can interpret your findings, organise data and develop conclusions. It is an important part of the manuscript that needs to be defined in the first part of the document.

How to Write A Theoretical Framework For Dissertation?

Writing dissertation theoretical frameworks is an essential component of your research work. It equips a solid foundation for your work so that you can develop a deeper understanding and make a contribution to your field.

In the guide below, we will walk through the framework of dissertation structure. From understanding its basics to refining your work, all will be covered here. By acknowledging the theoretical framework’s importance and not having the prowess to write it effectively, ask a dissertation writer to accompany you in your research journey. This is how you can maintain your academic integrity by presenting your findings exceptionally.

1. Go Through Literature Review

To identify the scope of your theoretical frameworks, you need to know what is already known about them and what the literature gaps are. You can frame your ideas in this chapter after you are well aware of whether you need to close gaps or place a foundation of new knowledge in the field. Without a theoretical framework in dissertation, you will produce redundant findings which are not standardisable to get published.

2. Understand the Purpose Of A Theoretical Framework

It is important to define context or some background knowledge of your research question. This way reader can understand the scope and purpose of your research work. Just as the blueprint of a design needs to be defined by its context to professionals so that they can translate it alike. The same role is played by the theoretical framework in your dissertation.

3.Use Your Theoretical Framework To Justify Your Research

As we have discussed above the theoretical framework in dissertations will define the theories which are connected to your work. It provides pertinent analytical models used by previous scholars to draw results. So it can be a powerful way to justify to your reader why your research is important. Also, you can define how it needs to be applied to modern concepts.

4. Use Models and Other Graphics

Since your theoretical frameworks for dissertations are meant to define complicated ideas, it is a good idea to make use of infographics. These models are effective in achieving the goals. If spacing is an issue, various formats allow you to include these graphics in the appendix and refer to the main body.

A theoretical framework infographic example given by Research Gate is displayed below.

5. Keep It within Three To Five Pages

Although there is no hard and fast rule for defining the exact length of your theoretical framework in your dissertation, it is recommended that you keep it up to three or five pages and not more than that. The length should be enough to provide all the relevant information to the reader. If you find it challenging to cover all the required details of the chapter on your own, then availing yourself of dissertation help services is better than skipping any crucial details.

6. Use A Checklist After Completing Your First Draft

After completing your first draft of the theoretical framework in dissertation, you need to consider the following questions.

  • Did you explain the main theories briefly?
  • Have you cited the references properly?
  • Did you address the related research gaps?
  • Does it address the “why:” question of your research?
  • Does it state the related assumptions?
  • Did you define the dependent and independent variables correctly?

What Is The Purpose Of the Theoretical Framework In Dissertation?

The purpose of the theoretical framework is to help you select the appropriate research methodology, assisting in data collection and analysis. This way, you can connect various concepts and define your research question. Moreover, it will also address the literature gaps.

What Are The Components Of The Theoretical Framework?

A theoretical framework in dissertation comprises various components that all contribute to shaping and organising your research findings. It included,

  • Identifying the key concepts.
  • Literature review.
  • Assumptions.
  • Methodologies.
  • Research objective.
  • Research question.
  • Organisational theories.
  • Conclusion.

The Research Gate defines these components in the following manner.

Theoretical Framework In Dissertation Example

Below is the sample provided by the US Department of Education to illustrate how you can apply a theoretical framework to your research methods. First, the background knowledge of the problem statement is defined, and then the related components are drawn out of it, as given below.

The flow chart below organises the key ideas to help you understand the framework of the examples given above.


The importance of writing a theoretical framework in a dissertation can’t be stressed enough. It lays a foundation for the key ideas of your document. This way, you can define to the reader how your ideas are logical enough to be implemented in a life scenario. All of this is dependent on the previous literature study rather than being said on your own. That’s why understanding the basics and structure of the theoretical framework is crucial.

In the above guide, you have gone through the essential steps that can help you craft an exemplary write-up. These involve reviewing the literature, understanding the objectives, justifying your research, keeping it to a maximum of five pages, and using infographics. Understand these crucial comprehensively so that you do not miss any detail when implementing it. However, if you still find yourself unable to meet the standards then buy a dissertation online from a professional company. These experts can do a better job so that no error should make you fall for rejection.