Water is one of the most essential parts of daily life. At present time, India is one of the fastest-growing countries in the world with a lot of opportunities for investment in various sectors, but one of the major problems India might face in the coming years is Water and Wastewater Treatment (WWT) technology.
India’s water requirement is expected to be trillion cubic meters by 2030. There is a huge gap between the demand and supply of water and this gap can be bridged by recycling and reusing wastewater.
The wastewater treatment technologies are important as these help in preventing waterborne pollution and getting rid of potential diseases that can be caused by the polluted water. Wastewater systems eliminate disease-causing bacteria and kill harmful diseases.
The WWT technology is widely used to remove as many suspended solids as possible. These technologies aid in treating wastewater and help in providing an economic return through the reuse of water and nutrients to produce marketable crops or other agricultural products.
In May 2019, the Indian government created the Jal Shakti Ministry by bringing all the water-related agencies to provide safe drinking water to the people of India. On August 15, 2019, the Government of India launched The Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) program. Every rural household has a drinking water supply in adequate quantity of prescribed quality on a regular and long-term basis at affordable service delivery charges leading to improvement in the living standards of rural communities is the mission of this program.
In India, a Membrane BioReactor (MBR) is widely used in both municipal and industrial Wastewater Treatment Plants (WWTPs), but what is a Membrane BioReactor?
A Membrane BioReactor (MRB) process that combines a microfiltration membrane unit with a suspended growth bioreactor. One of the major rules of MRB is to separate solids from liquids. MBR is the low-footprint, high-effluent-quality solution to your wastewater treatment needs. It can be used to upgrade existing WWTPs as well as to build new, state-of-the-art facilities.
What are the applications of membrane bioreactor (MBR)?
MBR is widely used for the treatment of various types of wastewater streams such as Industrial wastewater, municipal wastewater treatment, and landfill leachate.
1. Municipal wastewater treatment: The MBR is an ideal and trouble-free process for recycling municipal wastewater in water and space-limited locations because of its compact size, and its ability to produce reusable water for other users.
2. Industrial wastewater treatment: Industrial waste includes high organic loadings and chemical substances and removing all these chemical substances and the MBR help to recycle the industrial wastewater and reduce the risk of diseases getting spread by the chemicals present in the industrial wastewater.
3. Landfill leachate treatment: Landfill leachate contains high concentration of inorganic and organic compounds. MBR technique is used to remove inorganic and heavy metals with some additional treatments such as nanofiltration and reverse osmosis.
There are several types of water and wastewater treatment equipment present in the global markets that are used for several applications in industrial usage such as for food & beverages, oil & gas, pulp & paper, and other municipal use. There are several types of water and wastewater treatment equipment used across various industries such as filtration, disinfection, membrane separation, desalination, testing, adsorption, biological, sludge treatment, and others.
Microbial fuel cells is the latest technology used for three tasks such as wastewater treatment, clean power generation, and energy storage. This technology employs. The demand for water and wastewater treatment technologies is going to increase in India in the coming years the population is rapidly increasing and the water requirement for India is going to triple the amount of water required right now.
According to the Asian Development Bank’s report in 2020 Decentralized Wastewater and Faecal Sludge Management: Case Studies from India, it is suggested that DEWATS is the most cost-effective method of treatment in rural and semi-urban areas of India. There are several technological systems available under DEWATS that could be implemented in accordance with local needs.
The water and wastewater treatment equipment market size was valued at USD 56 billion in 2021 and is projected to reach USD 84 billion by 2030, expanding at a CAGR of around 5% during the forecast period, 2022 – 2030. As urbanization and industrialization is rapidly rising and with this, the demand for clean water is increasing which is driving the market.
Global water and wastewater treatment is growing at a rapid pace and with the increasing water requirement in emerging economies such as India and China, it is expected to register a considerable CAGR in the coming years. With the demand for clean water and the increasing awareness about the clean water treatment processes, the India water and wastewater treatment (WWT) technology market size was valued at USD 2042.91 million in 2020 and is estimated to expand at a considerable CAGR during the forecast period. Key players competing in the Indian market are Veolia; Suez; Thermax Limited; VA TECH WABAG LIMITED; DuPont.